Also known as nearsightedness, myopia is a condition in which images are focused in front of the retina. People with this condition are able to see well up close, but distant objects are blurry. Laser vision correction procedures improve myopia by flattening the cornea, thereby allowing images to be focused on the center of the retina.
Also known as farsightedness, hyperopia is a condition where images are focused too far behind the retina. People with this condition are able to see far away objects more clearly, but their up close vision may be poor. Laser vision correction procedures improve hyperopia by reshaping the cornea to allow images to be focused on the center of the retina.
Astigmatism is a condition that leads to blurry vision because the cornea has a shape that is more like a football, rather than a basketball. Because of this irregular shape, images are not focused clearly on the retina. Laser vision correction procedures are able to reshape the cornea so that the images on projected on the center of the retina.
As we grow into our 40s or 50s, our natural lens loses some of its flexibility, which makes it difficult for us to focus on objects that are close to us. Many compensate for this condition by holding objects further and further away, and when they realize that their arms are no longer long enough, they finally breakdown and wear reading glasses. Today’s premium intra-ocular lens (IOL) options afford many to become less reliant on reading glasses. Please click here to read the next section about premium multifocal and accommodating IOLs, to learn more about improving your vision and becoming less dependent on reading glasses.